DBA stands for Waste Batteries and Accumulators
The energy from the batteries provides us with much essential and indispensable mobility. Batteries have changed our lives and are changing the world we live in, from the small batteries in smart watches to the large ones in electric vehicles.
When they break, batteries and accumulators naturally become waste. They contain heavy metals and toxic substances, and their disposal in household waste leads to soil and water contamination. Some batteries such as Li-Ion pose a danger to people's safety.
Therefore, ECOTIC BAT has engaged in actions to develop the national collection infrastructure, which has now reached 9000 collection points, as well as in actions related to communication and awareness of the importance of collecting and not leaving such waste. to get to the landfill.
If we throw the batteries in an ordinary rubbish bin, they will be taken to a landfill or incinerator. In both cases, they would release harmful substances, including heavy metals that pollute the air, soil, groundwater and surface water.
By recycling batteries we recover metals that can be reused to our advantage. Thanks to recycling, from 100 kilograms of batteries we can recover 65 kg of raw materials that can be reused.
Once collected separately, used batteries first go through a sorting process depending on the composition (zinc-carbon, alkaline, Li-Ion, pill type, lead-acid, etc.).
For each typology, a process of shredding, separation and reprocessing follows. Metallurgical or hydrometallurgical processes are most often used in flow. At the end of the process, metals such as iron, steel, zinc, manganese, nickel, copper, lead, cadmium, cobalt and silver are extracted.